cirque du freak – why steve leopard turned out the way he did

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More than most of the other characters in the Saga of Darren Shan, Steve ‘Leopard’ Leonard truly goes on an emotional and transformative journey during his time in the series.

From first meeting him as Darren Shan’s troublesome childhood best friend to the callous, manipulative sociopath that he ultimately became, it is certainly interesting to see what led Steve further down his path toward the darkness.

Something that always bothered me about Steve was his reaction to Darren saving his life. Rather than the expected response of being grateful for not dying, he decides to hunt down Darren and Mr Crepsley.

To be clear, this is not a knock on Darren O’Shaughnessy’s (the author) writing. Steve’s reaction makes perfect sense from the character that had been established – an unruly, perhaps unhappy boy who desperately wanted to be a vampire, a creature he was obsessed with, upon discovering they actually existed.

There are a number of different factors that collide together to create Steve’s hostility. Let’s take a look at some in greater detail.

1 – he was jealous of darren

I can already hear you saying ‘well duh, that’s the whole driving point of the series’ second half’. Yes, that’s true in terms of Steve’s long-term grudge of Darren becoming a vampire instead of him.

Personally, I think Steve may have been jealous of Darren even before Mr Crepsley or the Cirque du Freak entered their lives, even if it’s something he wouldnt’ve necessarily been as vocal about.

We are told that Steve comes from a single-parent family and doesn’t get along with his mother – speaks disrespectfully of her and is rude to her in front of Darren.

Meanwhile, Darren has a happy family life. It’s possible that Steve saw becoming a vampire as his great chance to something better in his life only for Darren, who already had a family and everything he could want, to usurp his place.

That being said, a lot of people probably could’ve gotten over that jealousy in time and came to see the sacrifice that Darren had made. Even Steve himself put a convincing show on before his true colours were revealed.

I’ll go into why Steve may not have been able to let this “betrayal” go in my next point.

2 – steve was unhinged from the start

It would be easy to assume that Steve was driven to madness by his best friend supposedly stealing his dream and plotting against him with someone Steve despised — the vampire, Larten Crepsley.

After all, Mr Crepsley gave us one of the earliest clues that Steve could be trouble – he tested his blood and it was evil. Although Steve protested this both at the time and later, his actions, both the physical and emotional pain he caused, prove this assessment to be true.

One of the first things we are told about Steve when we meet him as a child is that he aspires to be a mercenary when he’s older. He willingly wanted to go into a profession that involved killing people for profit.

3 – mr tiny’s manipulation

One of the final twists of the Saga was Desmond Tiny playing his ace card and revealing that both Darren and Steve were his sons. He fathered both of them with the intention of pitting them against one another so one would rise and become Lord of the Shadows, the leader of a ruined, apocalyptic world.

Tiny also admitted that he had played a part in several seminal events in both boys’ lives. He told Darren when to grab the ticket that would bring him to the Cirque du Freak – and end his friendship with Steve while also filling Steve’s mind with doubts and rage about Darren and Mr Crepsley.

Without a doubt, Mr Tiny is one of the major reasons for his sons’ feud.

ya series you should read – if you haven’t already

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Everyone around the world knows of successful book franchises such as Harry Potter, Twilight and The Hunger Games, largely due to film adaptations being made.

Below are books that are widely appreciated by the YA fandom but perhaps deserve more recognition in general.

These are all books that I enjoyed as a teenager – i.e. the demographic – so hopefully others can experience and love them too.

Darren shan – the saga of darren shan/the saga of larten crepsley/demonata/zom-b

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Darren O’Shaughnessy, who uses the pen name Darren Shan, has written several successful series of YA novels dating back to 2000.

His first major series, The Saga of Darren Shan (or Cirque du Freak) celebrates its twentieth publication year, having been initially released on January 4, 2000. These books follow the adventures of a young boy, Darren Shan, and his adventures after reluctantly becoming a half-vampire. Trials, tribulations and a few (though not many) bright spots along the way.

You may be familiar with the 2009 film Cirque Du Freak: The Vampire’s Assistant that starred John C Reilly, Josh Hutcherson and Salma Hayek, which is not a faithful adaptation of the books.

In the 2010s, Shan wrote a four-book series about Larten Crepsley, the fictitious half-vampire’s mentor and deuteragonist of Cirque du Freak.

Shan has also written The Demonata, a sprawling ten book series across three separate first-person narrators which details the conflict between demons and magic wielding humans. One book is set in approximately 400AD while the rest are on a ‘floating timeline’ – the cultural references aren’t specific, so it could be present day if you’re reading in 2020 or 2010.

Between 2012 and 2016, Shan also released the twelve book Zom-B series which, as you have probably guessed, is about zombies. It is the first of his series in which the original, main narrator is female.

alex rider/the power of five – anthony horowitz

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Anthony Horowitz is a prolific British novelist who is best known for the Alex Rider series of books. For those who are unfamiliar, Alex Rider is a fourteen year old who is drawn into the world of espionage after his uncle,/legal guardian, who was also secretly, is murdered.

There have been twelve Alex Rider novels between 2000 and 2019 with the thirteenth being released sometime later this year.

Horowitz’s other major YA success has been The Power of Five which tells the story of five teenagers from around the world who possess extraordinary abilities. They are prophesied to defeat creatures known as The Old Ones.

While not strictly a YA book, I also greatly enjoyed Horowitz’s recent novels The Word is Murder and The Sentence Is Death in which the author himself appears a sidekick to a fictional detective, Daniel Hawthorne.

gone – michael grant

Gone series Michael Grant Collection 6 Books Set Light Hunger Lies Plague Fear

The first American to be featured in the list, Michael Grant’s GONE tells the story of small-town Perdido Beach, California who falls victim to a strange anomaly: all the residents aged fifteen and over mysteriously disappear in a blink of an eye.

Adding to this, a strange dome encases the stranded children inside, some of whom begin to develop mutant powers…

Grant has released nine books set in this universe though they comprise two separate series – novels 1 to 6 take place in what is known as The FAYZ (Fallout Alley Youth Zone), the name given by the trapped kids to their new world. 7 to 9 takes after The FAYZ with only some returning characters.

A potential TV series for GONE is in its early development stages — a teaser has been shot with actors being cast to appear in it. UK production company Engage is working with Michael Grant in developing the series.

the enemy – charlie higson

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The Enemy are a series of zombie novels that take place in London. It features a large cast of child characters adapting in this new environment as adults and older teens were the initial victims of the virus that zombified people.

A different character is the POV (Point of View) in each book, who are usually introduced as a supporting character in a previous book.

Not just limited to one spot in London, we visit iconic buildings such as the Tower of London, Buckingham Palace and the Houses of Parliament, now holed up by factions of kids trying to survive.

It is very clear that a lot of research went into the books – aspects such as London’s geography as well as believably using such places a base with supermarkets such as Waitrose and Morrisons also being included.

There were seven books, published between 2009 and 2015.

skulduggery pleasant – derek landy

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Skulduggery Pleasant, written by Irish author and screenwriter Derek Landy, is set on the Emerald Isle, more specifically in Dublin.

The books follow Detective partners Skulduggery Pleasant, a centuries old magician who also happens to be a skeleton as well as Valkyrie Cain, formerly known as Stephanie Edgley, a normal girl who stumbles into the magical world after a personal tragedy.

Much like Michael Grant and GONE, Landy has dividied the books into two distinct series with 1 to 9 making up the first and 10 to the upcoming thirteenth being the second.

YA TV ADAPTATIONS – What does this mean for the fans?

It is currently an exciting time for those who read Young Adult (YA) Literature in the past decade and a half. In recent months, it has been announced that three separate though beloved long-running series of novels were adapted for television audiences.

Reading a book is a unique experience that cannot be compared to other forms of entertainment. While most of the work is done by the writer, the ability and power of their words allows the reader to actively participate in the world that has been created.

Otto Farrant and Brenock O’Connor as Alex Rider and Tom Harris

Firstly, we will look at Alex Rider. For those unfamiliar with the story: Alex, a fourteen year old, is pulled into the world of espionage when his uncle/legal guardian is assassinated and his secret life as a spy is revealed.

Unlike the other two series that will be discussed, this one has fully come into fruition with casting, shooting and overall production complete, ready for release.

Of course, most will remember that the Alex Rider novels have been adapted once before – the 2006 film Stormbreaker was based on the first book and starred Alex Pettyfer, Mickey Rourke, Ewan McGregor, Robbie Coltrane, Alicia Silverstone and Bill Nighy.

The film was not a success and the possibility of seeing Alex Rider on-screen again was dead. This changed in 2018 with the series being announced.

It will tell the story of Point Blanc – the second book. Later, there was the revelation of Otto Farrant as the new Alex Rider. He will be supported by Brenock O’Connor (Tom Harris), Vicky McClure (Mrs Jones), Andrew Buchan (Ian Rider) and Stephen Dillane (Alan Blunt).

I am personally very excited to see this new iteration of Alex Rider. While the first outing was not as successful as some hoped, this new show has thirteen years worth of momentum on its side in order to do the books justice.

Author Anthony Horowitz serves as an Executive Producer.

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Another prominent Young Adult series on the cusp of television is GONE, written by Michael Grant, which began in 2008 and ended its first cycle in 2013, with spin-offs being released between 2017 and 2019.

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GONE depicts the small, fictictious town of Perdido Beach, which falls victim to a strange anomaly when kids start developing superhuman powers and everyone over the age of fifteen mysteriously disappears in plain sight.

A great appeal of the books is its vast, far reaching landscape as well as its widely diverse characters, many of whom we spend a significant amount of time. Although there is a definitive main character (Sam Temple), the stories are not exclusively from his perspective.

In 2013, it was announced that Sony Pictures TV had acquired the rights to make a potential GONE TV series. Sadly, nothing ever developed.

More recently, author Michael Grant has been collaborating with UK production company Engage Productions, led by AJ Riach, after an unbelievable series of events which led to Engage gaining the rights for GONE.

Currently, Grant and Riach are casting for a teaser scene, one that should be very familiar to anyone who has read the opening of book number two — Hunger.

Should the series be made for television, Michael Grant will be penning the scripts.

Finally, we have CHERUB.

Written by Londoner Robert Muchamore, it is well known at this point that he originally wrote the first book (which was published in 2004) for his nephew, who was a reluctant reader.

Since then, there has been a total of sixteen additional books across two series focusing on separate protagonists, as well as a set of prequel books (Henderson’s Boys) that take place during the Second World War.

This series depicts orphaned children working as spies for a secret branch of MI5 – Charles Henderson Espionage Research Unit B.

Although the primary characters are minors under the age of seventeen, the series is very graphic and does not shy away from what someone in this age range would realistically do in the dangerous or personal situations that these characters find themselves in.

The announcement of a Sony Pictures TV-Komixx Entertainment collaboration to make this series came in April 2018, although no major news has been released since then.

Overall, bookworms like myself on both sides of the Atlantic will be rejoicing. These novels were relatively close in publication time and as such, it is exciting that now, having entered adulthood, we get to experience the stories and characters once again in a whole new medium.

GONE TV – Guide to pleasing all fans, old and new

Note – These are just ideas that I am suggesting. While I have had the pleasure of interacting with both Michael Grant and Engage Productions on Twitter, I am (sadly) not directly involved with the making of the show.

It has been eleven years since American novelist Michael Grant (of Animorphs fame) launched GONE, as we were introduced to the FAYZ and met its eclectic inhabitants for the very first time.

Although there were flickers of a possibility regarding a screen adapatation as far back as 2013, the prospect seems much more real now, with the involvement of Engage Productions, a UK based company.

Of course, in the age of widely available technology, people tend to read a lot less than before. Thus, it is possible that some viewers of the potential GONE television series will have not read the novels and are getting their first exposure into the twisted world of the FAYZ.

This creates a question – how to balance the longtime, ardent fans who know every obscure detail with those who are simply tuning into a cool looking TV show?

I will attempt to answer this question.


With the novels, readers had all the information in their hands through Grant’s non-dialogue writing. Everything that he needed you to know was there on the page.

In Screenwriting, the common policy is ‘show not tell’ – for example, the usual instance would involve actually seeing some unbelievable event occur rather than having Sam or Astrid, for example, in the position of explaining to the other characters and thus the audience.

Yes, fans of the books are aware of Sam and Quinn’s friendship or Little Pete’s autism, which are important parts of the series, but this should be established effectively for anyone in the dark.


The freedom that authors have with writing characters in books is that they can be descriptive in any way they choose. They know how the characters look in their minds and that is needed.

For a television series, there is no guarantee that the casting director will find people who look like Sam, Caine, Albert or Drake that also have the ability to act.

Even JK Rowling has admitted she thought the famous casting choices for her Trio — Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint and Emma Watson, were more attractive than the outcasts in her head.

If talented actors who can embody the literary character are found, then that is the most important thing, regardless if they exactly resemble Grant’s descriptions or not.

The only aspect that is absolutely crucial to retain is race — they were created that way for a reason and that should, with no doubt, remain the same.


With an adaptation based upon six popular novels, there is element of predictability involved – most of the fan base would already know the story from beginning to end, without watching a single episode.

It goes without saying that certain scenes from the books will definitely be cut or altered, for practical or story reasons. This leaves space open to create new moments without straying too far from the central plot.


Engage Productions has recently been interacting with fans on Twitter in order to have an idea of what they want to see from the series.

Casting is an incredibly important facet to the show and could make or break it. Using a recent example like Stranger Things which combined established names in Winona Ryder, Matthew Modine and David Harbour with newcomers Millie Bobby Brown, Finn Wolfhard and Gaten Matarazzo.

As GONE primarily focuses on the kids and their survival in this strange new world, the adult characters are mostly supporting and inconsequential. An example of this is Mr. Trentlake, Sam’s teacher at the beginning of the first novel, whose lifespan in the books is not long at all. As a particularly astute fan on Twitter said, potentially casting a relatively well-known actor in that part could be a good idea, to surprise casual viewers when he suddenly disappears.

I would go one step further and find an even bigger name to play Connie Temple – Sam (and Caine’s) mother. While she doesn’t play an active role in the FAYZ, she becomes more prominent later on.

Whatever happens, I will continue to anticipate further updates with my fellow GONE fans around the world.

analysis – some of the demonata’s most horrifying moments (spoilers)

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As I have said before on the site, I transitioned to the Demonata books upon completing The Saga of Darren Shan — they are by the same author, in case you have stumbled here by accident.

I couldn’t imagine doing this in any other way. Demonata, in my opinion, is a natural progression from the Saga – the characters, plot lines and themes are darker and more mature. Doing this process in reverse would very much feel that way, but this is just my own experience.

Yet, there is still a familiarity in the writing. While the worlds and characters are very different, Shan’s very distinct style of writing in both series – in the moment, first person narration – is very recognisable. The growing relationship between Grubbs and Dervish can be compared to Darren and Mr Crepsley, though the former are actually related and had already met prior to the first book.

While there were gruesome deaths in the vampire books, there was not much detail into them due to the target audience. The resulting creative freedom of having older readers for Demonata allowed Shan to more graphically describe some of the horrific moments in the stories.

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The first book Lord Loss includes a scene where the main character’s entire family are brutally slaughtered by the demons. While I seemed to be unflinching, it was not until later in the book that the sheer horror of it all truly hit me. Imagine losing your whole family in one fatal swoop?

Usually, I am fairly detached when it comes to horror in fiction. I am aware that I am viewing scripted scenes and the characters are not real. Even so, reading Slawter as an adult and realising that although they are brats, these are still innocent (in terms of the demons) children that are being needlessly killed.

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In the sixth book, Demon Apocalypse, Bill-E Spleen dies at the hands of his reluctant killer, half-brother Grubbs. I liked Bill-E and thought he served his purpose well, but I was not as affected by his death. More so, what came after.

I won’t go into any more detail — reading about Bill-E’s death may already be a spoiler – but the specific event that occurs was quite jarring and made me feel uneasy. It’s not something that can happen every day and that is all I will reveal on the matter.

There are many more examples to pull from, but these are some that stand out in my mind, even now. The Demonta is definitely not for the faint- hearted and anyone who gets scared easily probably wouldn’t enjoy it either.

If you’re a braver reader/consumer of content, then absolutely read the series. It goes in directions that I never would have expected from the first book and is most certainly unique when compared with Shan’s other novels.

Saga of larten crepsley – how a big twist connects to cirque du freak

Reading Darren Shan’s Saga of Larten Crepsley is a wonderful experience, for a number of reasons. As it is a prequel, we experience characters from Cirque du Freak as younger iterations – Seba Nile, Vancha March and Paris Skyle, among others, alongside the famous orange-haired vampire.

For me, the greatest thrill comes from comparing Larten’s journey with what we knew about him in Cirque du Freak and connecting it all together. After all, he was always very private where Darren was concerned, so a lot of what happened in his life is new information for the readers whereas some is more expanded upon.

Even when the readers think we know what is to come, Darren Shan is still able to surprise us by dropping bombshells no one saw coming — remember Kurda and Harkat in CDF?

One of the biggest twists, in my opinion, begins in the second book Oceans of Blood, though we do not have the full facts into number three, Palace of the Damned.

SPOILERS are ahead, so beware…

In Oceans of Blood, Larten slaughters almost all of the crew and passengers of a ship he is on, with only a handful of survivors including a baby, who heavily snores.

Although Larten feels a sense of obligation due to orphaning the child, he does not name or intend to raise him. Instead, that honour falls to Desmond Tiny in Palace of the Damned, after saving Larten and the boy from certain death, he names the latter Gavner Purl.

And with that, my jaw dropped open when I read this for the first time.

Of course, Gavner had a close relationship with Larten which we saw in Cirque du Freak though neither made it known to Darren about exactly how far back the two vampires went.

After Oceans was released, the popular theories were that the baby was indeed Gavner or future traitor Kurda Smahlt. I favoured Gavner – not only has Kurda already had a huge twist in his arc, Gavner died early on in CDF and deserved more page time, as it were.

It also meant more to the readers, in my opinion, that it was Gavner, due to the aforementioned close relationship the two shared. Larten’s Saga also added more complexities to their dynamic than there had ever been before.

Of course, Darren O’Shaugnessy (the author) would have had no idea while writing CDF that this turn of events would be coming, that is impossible. However, some of Gavner’s behaviour makes sense now we have that knowledge.

When we first meet Gavner, he warns Larten about the vampaneze Murlough ravaging humans in his home city. While it is something a good friend would do, there is more emotional impact in hindsight, considering he was telling his surrogate father this upsetting information.

For years after reading CDF, until I found out the true answer, I believed that Gavner’s final words, apologising about his snoring, had been meant for Larten. After all, Larten had already complained about this habit on multiple occasions. The snoring was tipped people off that the mystery baby was Gavner, as it was a very deliberate mention.

Of course, there are other examples such as this where events in Saga of Larten Crepsley directly inform the CDF books, but as I have stated, this particular one was most profound for me.

Top 10 cirque du freak characters

I first read the Saga of Darren Shan/Cirque du Freak back in 2008. Thus, I have experienced that world and Shan’s characters for over a decade. Here, I will attempt to rank my ten favourites.

Important Note – This list is not based on likeability which is why I’m making this very clear. If that were the case, there would be very surprising names included. Also, this list is based upon the novel depictions of these characters and is not in any way influenced on the 2009 film. It also does not include The Saga of Larten Crepsley.

Let’s start with number ten….

10 – evra von

A very sentimental character for the significant role he played in the story’s early stages and worldbuilding. Darren’s first friend as a half-vampire. Also imparted information on both Darren and the audience about the Cirque du Freak.

We got to experience Evra’s growth, as a character and a man, even if only in brief snippets. From being a teenager clueless about girls, to a married father with three kids.

9 – murlough

Remember what I said about this not being based on likeability?

First adversary introduced into the story. Unhinged, unpredictable and cunning, all the makings of a compelling character. Very entertaining on the pages.

Eccentricities helped develop him as a character. Very few of the vampaneze introduced later bare any sort of resemblance to Murlough.

However, as fun as Murlough is, I like other characters more, so that’s why he is at #9.

8 – gavner purl

Other than Mr. Crepsley, Gavner Purl is the first vampire we meet in The Saga of Darren Shan. A comparatively young man among the clan, we saw through Gavner that not all vampires are as stern and grave as a certain orange-haired creature of the night…

A loyal friend, dedicated General and brave fighter, Gavner is one of the vampires we get to know the most, by virtue of his closeness to Darren and the fact we are reading the latter’s diary.

His death is one of the more shocking moments in the early books and his presence is mourned and missed throughout the rest of the Saga.

7 – harkat/kurda

Technically a twofer as The Lake of Souls, revealed that Darren’s Little Person companion/protector Harkat Mulds and disgraced, executed Prince-elect Kurda Smahlt, were one and the same.

I decided to put these two together. Not only are they same individual, but they were in contention for one position in the original draft.

Shan’s talented writing is at its best when looking back on these two characters. I can personally see (or at least I think) shades of what Kurda would say in Harkat’s dialogue. Not at the time, but definitely in hindsight.

Both played instrumental roles in Darren’s life, during their incarnations. The differences and similarities between the two friendships is one of the more interesting components to analyse.

Truly great stuff.

6 – mr tall

Starting out as the aloof, mysterious owner of the Cirque du Freak, it is gradually revealed, not so much by the man himself, that he has a much larger role to play in the series trajectory.

I liked Mr Tall as a character because of the feeling of safety and trustworthiness that came attached to him. He provided shelter for the main characters at the Cirque while having a decades-long friendship with the vampire, Larten Crepsley.

While not being the warmest or fuzziest individual, Hibernius Tall was consistently well-intentioned, never on the side of evil, even in his final moments.

5 – vancha march

Like in life, those who are remembered the most usually stood out among their peers. Vancha March is such an example in the Vampire Clan.

His archaic, naturalistic way of thinking provided an interesting contrast and dynamic between himself, Darren and Mr Crepsley.

After all, considering he and Mr Crepsley are old friends, it would have been much less interesting reading about someone very like like the orange-haired vampire. Sometimes you are friends with people vastly different from you.

Over the course of his time in the series, Vancha proved the nobility and prowess that earned him the title of Prince and was a key player in the War of the Scars.


Desmond Tiny is unlike any other villain I have ever come across in fiction. Manipulative, ruthless and seemingly immortal, he truly is the figure behind everything in the Saga.

I have seen interviews with Darren O’Shaughnessy (aka Darren Shan the author) in which he explains that characters slowly revealed themselves in the writing process, rather than coming up with huge backstories beforehand.

I think this is also true of Mr Tiny, from a reading perspective. Rather than being overloaded with information all at once at the beginning, we learned more and more over time, with the mysteries surrounding the character being crucial to the Saga’s events.


Although he was a deluded, maniacal sociopath, I really liked Steve “Leopard” Leonard as a character in the story. His arc correlates to some people in real life, on a much different scale, of carrying a childhood grudge into adulthood and becoming consumed by it.

By the last few books, Steve is a completely unrepentant villain though I believe signs that Mr Crepsley was accurate in the blood assessment were present from the outset. For instance, he was willing to abandon his mother and friends to pursue his vampiric endeavours.

As he wanted to become a mercenary, there is no telling how he intended to use the vampire powers. Knowing Steve from the Saga, it cannot have been anything good.

Without spoiling his last wicked acts for readers who are behind, they truly bring him full circle from jealous, misguided boy to callous, hate-driven murderer.

2 – mr crepsley

Were this a list based on Mr Crepsley’s own saga, then he would be in the top spot. However, as he is the second most importance character in this series, this placement seems fitting.

Much like I said earlier about Mr Tiny, Crepsley slowly reveals details about himself over the Saga of Darren Shan though it is not until SLC where we really delve into the nitty gritty. In the first series, we learn the most about Mr Crepsley through characters that have known him the longest – Seba Nile and Gavner Purl being two examples.

The evolution of his relationship with Darren is one of my favourites in all of fiction. From strangers, to wary associates to being reminiscent of a father and son.

It is rewarding, meaningful and truly beautiful to see.

1 – darren shan (character)

Was there ever any doubt? We spent twelve books effectively inside Darren’s thoughts within his diary, so he is the character whom we came to know most initimately.

Even though he is fictional, it is not often that you get to see someone grow and mature over the course of so many years, without being a parent or close relative. There is a certain fondness from the first-person narration that is not the same as other major characters.

Darren, as we see, also has a good heart which makes him easy to like. He was willing to give up his humanity to save a friend and saved a city from vampaneze outbreak twice over.

He is also flawed and this is good. Making mistakes and learning from them is a crucial part of anyone’s upbringing, let alone a half-vampire in a position of authority. Reading about a ‘perfect’ person who never did anything wrong would become irritating after a while. That kind of character could not sustain a whole novel.

For me, the ending to his arc sums up the series as a whole — bittersweet. This is supposed to be a true story after all and as we were told in the first prologue, real life can be cruel. The good guys don’t always win.

Darren both won and lost with his final outcome, but it was the right choice in my opinion.

Honourable Mentions: Sam Grest, Arra Sails, Debbie Hemlock, Alice Burgess, Paris Skyle, Truska, the Shan family, Mika Ver Leth, Seba Nile, Arrow, Vanez Blane, Alan Morris and Tommy ‘Tom” Jones.

Literary analysis – why INTERESTING supporting characters are crucial

In any long-running story, whether it is in a book, on stage or on film, one of the most important aspects are the characters. Likeable, interesting characters are what keeps the reader coming back for more and without those qualities, success is less likely.

This most applies to the main characters of the narrative – we back Harry Potter due to his troubled life, Darren Shan thrust into a new existence as a half-vampire and likewise with Alex Rider as a spy. The conflict between Sam, Caine, Drake and the Gaiaphage in GONE helps drive that plot along.

Of course, every great story also has a supporting cast. After all, our protagonists and antagonists need people to talk to, or they would have lonely lives.

Some writers mainly develop their main character with a backstory and personal details while leaving the origins of everyone else quite vague. This is obviously their right to make that creative choice, but it shows, and what’s left is one multi-dimensional character and several names on a page.

GONE is an example of a series that utilises its supporting cast. Compared to most YA books, it has more of an ensemble feel by means of switching the point of view between multiple characters, while still having the clearly defined leads in Sam, Astrid, Caine and Diana.

Rather than following only a select few storylines, we get an insight into many residents of the FAYZ and how their experience, while in the same predicament as everyone else, differs personally for them.

To nail this point in, think of characters such as Drake, Albert, Edilio, Brianna, Dekka, Lana, Quinn and Computer Jack, to name just few, and how different GONE would have been with lessened versions of them.

A feature of the first three Saga of Darren Shan books, which I have been rereading recently, is that each story takes place in a different location – Darren’s hometown, the Cirque du Freak and Mr Crepsley’s home city. Since we are in three distinct places, there are alternative supporting characters in each novel.

As any fan of a long-running show or book knows, some people can grow frustrated with a character’s decisions once they’ve gotten used to them and seen them make the same decisions over and over again.

Darren’s family, human friends and teacher (Parents, Annie, Alan, Tommy and Mr Dalton) are, for the most part, unique to the first book, Sam Grest primarily appears in the second while third introduces Debbie and Murlough into the fray.

None of these characters are identical to one another and complement the character of Darren in different ways, which helps refresh the early stories.

Obviously I am not suggesting to spend too much time developing your supporting characters, they are not the focus of the series, after all.

Showing different facets and shades of their personality is no bad thing, as it only justifies the reason for that character to still feature in the story. Both of my examples, Michael Grant and Darren Shan, dabble in areas that some readers may find frightening.

I would not put it past either one to easily dispatch a character, permanently that is, who was not working.

What Happened to the Humans in Darren Shan’s Life?

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Note: I have the 12 books in four large books as three trilogies. As such, I am unable to pinpoint which book is which and will just say ‘early books’ or ‘late books’.

In The Saga of Darren Shan, we see the title character leave his human life behind and become a half-vampire quite early on. As we only get a fleeting glimpse into Darren’s human life, this is the end of the road for many characters in this portion of the story, due to their storyline having ended.

We all know what happened to Steve Leonard/Leonard, but what about the other family, friends and acquaintances in Darren’s life?

Below is the list of everyone that Darren left behind upon becoming Mr Crepsley’s assistant.


In the short time we spend with this couple, we learn a few things about them. Dermot has large feet and multiple pen pals and Angela is a keen stamp collector.

They were obviously devestated by their son’s ‘death’ and eventually moved out of the family home where they had lived, a few years prior to Darren returning to it. Dermot also suffered a mild attack.

Although they do not appear after the early stories, expository dialogue from a neighbour named Bridget informs us of their ultimate fates.

Annie shan – his sister

Appearing as a young girl in the early books, Annie is one of the few people aware that Darren went to the Cirque du Freak and kept this secret from their parents. Likewise, she was aware of Madam Octa and how Steve actually got a poisoned bite.

Eight years after Darren’s ‘death’, Annie fell pregnant by Steve Leonard, Darren’s best friend who did not love her, simply being manipulative.

By her return appearance in the later books, she has a son – Darius – who was blooded by his father Steve as a half-vampaneze. Darren later re-bloods him as a half-vampire and they make the trek to Vampire Mountain.


Tommy Jones was the star goalkeeper of Darren’s school and one of his closest friends, alongside Steve Leonard and Alan Morris. Tommy primarily featured early on, competing for a ticket in order to attend the Cirque du Freak although he was unsuccessful.

Seemingly a minor, inconsequential character, Tommy made an appearance when Darren returned to his hometown in the later books, as a now famous goalkeeper returning for a football game.

Although he doesn’t tell him the full story, Tommy mentions some tidbits about Steve and Annie that help Darren later on.

He and Darren made plans to properly reunite, but this never came to pass, as he was murdered by Steve’s psychotic vampaneze henchmen R.V. and Morgan James.

ALAN MORRIS – His friend

Alan was the fourth member in Darren’s group of friends. He is responsible for setting the events of the series in motion, by bringing a flyer for the Cirque du Freak into school.

He later becomes a famous, leading scientist of the country where he lives (it is never specified) and helped create the first dragon. This is all mentioned through other characters’ dialogue.


Mr Dalton was Darren’s teacher and he served a very specific use during his time in the story. Remember, despite the sophisticated storytelling and plots, these books were technically for children and most probably would not know what a ‘freak show’ was.

Thus, it fell to Mr Dalton to explain to Darren, his classmates and indeed the audience about how cruel the shows really were and why one being active would be such a rare and unusual thing.

We also get an insight into his well-intentioned personality, as he tries to get the Cirque du Freak shut down, likely out of concern for the ‘freaks’ ‘ safety.

Years later, when Darren covertly observes his old school, he sees Mr Dalton still working there, as popular as ever.

ASOUE – Who Is The Real Lemony Snicket?

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A Series of Unfortunate Events, the novels on which a film and a Netflix Original series were based, was written by an author using the pseudonym ‘Lemony Snicket’.

Perhaps confusingly to some, the stories also feature a character by the same name, portrayed in the 2004 film by Jude Law and in the Netflix series by Patrick Warburton, in two very different interpretations.

The question remains, however – Who is the real Lemony Snicket? The author, the man behind the mask, so to speak and the sole person responsible for the Baudelaire orphans’ misery…

Well, let me tell you.

The author’s real name is Daniel Handler, a California native who is also a musician. He wrote under the Lemony name for seven years while writing the ASOUE novels, while he has published six books under his real name.

Despite being children’s novels, there are very dark themes including attempted murder, abduction and death by incineration.

Between 2012 and 2015, Handler returned to the Lemony Snicket pen name to publish the four-part prequel series All The Wrong Questions.

Handler wrote for the Netflix series based on his books, including part of the opening song. As seen above, he made a cameo appearance in the episode “The Wide Window: Part One,” 

Skulduggery Pleasant: Who Is Derek Landy? How and When Did The Series Start?

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Skulduggery Pleasant is a series of, to date, 12 fantasy novels written by Irish novelist Derek Landy.

The first book, published in 2007 was also titled Skulduggery Pleasant and effectively built the world that has become familiar in the many sequels. We also met many of the key characters, such as our title character and his partner, then 12-year-old Stephanie Edgley, who becomes sorcerer Valkyrie Cain.

Derek Landy

Derek Landy, a Dublin native and black belt in Kenpo Karate, is the writer behind all twelve books. The famous story is that while in London for a meeting regarding a screenplay, which he also dabbled in, the name Skulduggery Pleasant appeared in his mind. The kind of epiphany the all writers hope for.

A common misconception is that the character of Gordon Edgley, an author of fantasy books, is based upon Landy.

However, this is not the case. It was later revealed that Saracen Rue, a member of the Dead Men, is Landy’s representation in the books, allowing the character to know things that others do not.

Who Were The Major Deaths In Deathly Hallows And Why Did They Die?

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Although there were many sad and shocking deaths throughout the Harry Potter series, arguably the highest body count comes in the final book/movies – The Deathly Hallows.

This post is relevant to both the novel and film series, as some deaths occurred in one and not the other.

I will be analysing the unlucky characters and JK Rowling’s possible mindset in deciding to kill them off.


Although we only see Colin (played by Hugh Mitchell) in the Chamber of Secrets film, he was a recurring character in the books as a member of Dumbledore’s Army.

The character Nigel (William Melling) serves as a composite for both Colin and his brother Dennis and we do not see him die on-screen.

My best guess is that Rowling killed Colin to highlight the tragedies of war.

Remember, he was underage and snuck back, only to be murdered. It’s a harsh reality within this fictitious magical world.

Alastor ‘mad-eye’ moody

Irish actor Brendan Gleeson appears as Mad-Eye in three Harry Potter films though sadly, the character dies in both iterations of the story.

The chapter title in which Moody’s death occurs is ‘The Fallen Warrior’. I believe he was killed early on in Deathly Hallows, with this title, to show that no one was safe.

Mad-Eye was easily the most competent, proficient fighter out of the core Order members and once Rowling removed him from the equation, it created an idea of hopelessness among the characters and readers.

If Mad-Eye was gone, how would anyone else make it?


Harry’s beloved pet owl was killed to represent a loss of innocence – besides Ron and Hermione, Hedwig was another constant companion throughout Harry’s time at Hogwarts.

Since Harry did not return to the school in either the book or film, it was a definite, shocking way to indicate that this chapter in his life was over.


Once Harry had saved Wormtail’s life in Prisoner of Azkaban, the latter owed a life debt to our hero.

Upon being reminded of this fact upon meeting again in Deathly Hallows, Wormtail’s silver hand interpreted his hesitation as weakness or mercy and subsequently killed its master instead.

So, basically, Wormtail was killed because his story had ended and there was no reason for him to survive.


Ron’s former girlfriend is not definitively killed off in the books – she is mentioned as ‘stirring’ with the possibility of a recovery.

In the films, she is mauled by Greyback and already dead by the time our heroes find her.

From the film perspective, Lavender was killed to give Hermione a moment in the scene where she attempts to save her former dorm-mate, not realising that Lavender was already gone. This counteracts their relationship in Half Blood Prince, where they had been feuding over Ron.


Dobby shares some similarities with others on this list. Like Colin Creevey, he originally solely appeared in the Chamber of Secrets film despite continuing to have a role in the books, though he returned for Deathly Hallows.

Like Hedwig, Dobby was killed to signal the end of Harry’s childhood. They had met when Harry was 11-12 years old and now, all those years later, Dobby died in his arms.

He also died while fighting his former masters and saving his friends, making the house elf a posthumous hero.

remus lupin & nymphadora tonks

Lupin and Tonks’ son, Teddy, is Harry Potter’s godson.

Much like the loss that Harry experienced with his own parents before the series even began, their deaths occurred to create a full circle – another infant boy has lost his parents in a Wizarding War.

Bellatrix lestrange

Bellatrix was killed by Molly Weasley, in order for Rowling to show that the Weasley matriarch was more than just a housewife whose main focus was on cooking, cleaning and rearing the children.

She was a powerful witch in her own right, even if she didn’t always get the chance to show it.

Lord voldemort

Quite obvious.

Harry Potter is what’s called a ‘Hero’s Journey’ which basically means that the Hero of the story (Harry) has to overcome a set of challenging obstacles and experiences in order to defeat the villain – Voldemort, in this case.

In order for the story to come to its natural conclusion, You Know Who had to be defeated.

severus snape

Snape’s great love, Lily Potter (Evans), had died while protecting her greatest love – only child and son, Harry.

For the six years they were together at Hogwarts, Snape protected Harry out of his love for Lily – though not overtly, considering he was also a spy in the Death Eaters.

Once Snape had fulfilled his final purpose – giving Harry the memory that filled in all the blanks, for story reasons, he had to die.

There was nothing else for him. People believed he was a traitor and murderer and if Voldemort’s side won without the Dark Lord murdering Snape, he would have died soon after anyway due to the misunderstanding with the Elder Wand.

Why It Made Complete Sense That Harkat Mulds Was *SPOILER*

Throughout Harkat Mulds’ time in the Saga of Darren Shan, he was a man… creature, shrouded in mystery. His evolution from mute side character to important player in the overall story was surprising to say the least.


In the 10th book, The Lake of Souls, Harkat’s past identity is revealed to be traitorous vampire Kura Smahlt, who was executed in The Vampire Prince, the sixth book of the Saga.

Of course, this is shocking information, both to Harkat and Darren as well as the readers. Harkat and Kurda were not at all similar, which would make this twist impossible to guess (unless you paid close attention to their names), yet, it also makes complete sense.

Let’s go through it.


While he ended up being a traitor that nearly destroyed the clan, Kurda was still a vampire at the end of the day.

Since Mr. Tiny needed to pick someone to be Darren’s Little Person protector, it would make sense for that person to be a Vampire, since that is who Darren would be spending much of his time around.

This person would also be spending much of their time as Harkat in Vampire Mountain, a place which Kurda was also very familiar with and considered home.


Much like Mr. Tiny said after Kurda’s soul was pulled out of the Lake, part of the reason he was chosen to become Harkat was his connection to Darren.

Remember, Kurda wanted to keep Darren alive after already killing Gavner, who he’d known longer, showing that he cared for the boy.

This would mean that he’d try harder to protect Darren from death than someone who had barely known him or was a complete stranger.

Harkat’s emotional tie to Darren and feeling that he should stay with him implies that he may have some of Kurda’s surface feelings and emotions, without fully remembering who he once was.


Quite possibly, a lot of people may have thought that it would have been easier if someone like Mr. Crepsley or Gavner Purl had been chosen to become Harkat. After all, they were competent vampires who cared about Darren, right?


Kurda was plucked out of the Lake because he was not in Paradise – he had committed wrongs in his life. Although his intentions were not malicious, his actions were and this led to his execution.

Becoming Harkat Mulds and by virtue of that, protector of the individual prophesied to defeat the Vampaneze Lord, is enough to redeem Kurda’ actions in his first life and allow his soul to move on to Paradise.

At least for Darren and Harkat, he can be remembered as somewhat of a hero.


Much like the target audience, the primary characters in many of the popular Young Adult novels in recent years are under the age of 18.

Harry Potter, Hunger Games, Alex Rider, Darren Shan, GONE, CHERUB, The Enemy. Those are just the ones that immediately come to mind.

There are several reasons why the first paragraph is accurate. The first is very real-world and boring in that it’s good marketing. No teenager wants to read about a depressed accountant in their mid-30s with an unhappy marriage and crippling debt, to use an example.

At the very least, not as the protagonist.

Part of the thrill of these books is that the characters are seeing, doing and experiencing things that the reader, can never have themselves. Being wizards, spies, vampires, fighting zombies. The stories are much more relatable when the central figures are as similar to the reader as possible.

Furthermore, as much as kids hate to admit it, adults are older and wiser than they are. Some of the situations that our young literary heroes find themselves in could easily be avoided by a mature, world-weary adult.

Don’t investigate the dangerous area by yourself or get friendly with someone you know could be a vampire. In Alex Rider or CHERUB’s case, know when to back out of a mission before its unsafe.

Authors rely on kids’ recklessness and immaturity to drive their plots forward and have it still be believable. Harry Potter venturing into the mysterious Forbidden Forest is the act of a rebellious teen.

If the title character of Darren Shan was a grown man living alone that had to leave home, the impact would be lessened. If Alex Rider lost his parents and uncle as an adult, rather than a 14-year-old.

Imagine GONE where all the parents were trapped instead of 14 and under. Very different story.

If you’re 18 or younger and reading this, I’d recommend giving any of those books a try.

It’ll be a fun time.


With the recent activity in getting a better adaptation of Cirque du Freak made (which I may have been indirectly partially involved in starting), I decided to think about who would be in this new version once the beloved books were brought to screen.

This is my first time ‘fan-casting’. Not that I was ever against it, I just found the concept a bit unrealistic. As it is my first time, there are only three actors/characters featured. I am open to suggestions for more to include.

Here goes nothing…


Remember what I was saying earlier about being unrealistic? Coster-Waldau has just finished a major television adaptation based on novels.

Here are my reasons for this choice.

Firstly, I would guess from Larten’s name alone that he is either Eastern European or Scandinavian. Coster-Waldau is Danish who is able to do general accents to indicate world travel.

As we have seen in Game of Thrones, Coster-Waldau is capable of having compassionate on-screen relationships and adds layers of complexity to the characters he plays, even if they seem one note at first.

He has been in many, many on-screen fights, battles and scrapes. He even lost a hand on Game of Thrones. Seeing him with a scar on his face would not be too much of a stretch.


Who better to lead the Vampire Clan than Gandalf? I mean, Ian McKellen.

McKellen famously passed on the role of Albus Dumbledore because he did not want to play another wise, mentor wizard after Gandalf. He never said anything about vampires, did he?

The actor playing Paris needs to have the same level of respect and longevity as the character and based on his previous work, McKellen would be my choice, if it were up to me.

A small detail from the books is that Paris was a friend of Shakespeare. Ian McKellen is a prolific Shakespeare performer on stage having played King Lear over 300 times.

And finally….


I thought of this one while actually writing this post and it intrigued me enough to include it.

Dance of course worked with Nikolaj Coster-Waldau on Game of Thrones so there’s a built in relationship already. From father and son to surrogate father and son is not a huge leap.

Additionally, Dance is only slightly younger than Ian McKellen, much like Seba is to Paris.

He played a wise mentor in 2011’s Neverland.

Similarly to Paris, as Seba is an old, respected vampire, an actor with the same level of respect and experience would work really well.


Vampirates are a series of novels written by Justin Somper, an English author.

Ingeniously, Somper combines two of the most written about versions of people in fiction, vampires and pirates — Vampirates. Now you get it!

The start of the whole series, in a weird and funny way, is a metaphor for how life can take unexpected turns. Two siblings — Connor and Grace, separated at sea are rescued by two crews of pirates who could not be more different.

Connor gets rescued by a crew that you’ve seen the likes of before, but Grace’s crew are Vampirates – vampires who are also pirates. Although in such contrasting circumstances, the storyline slowly merges as the overarching narrative moves along.

I really enjoyed the series when I read the books many years ago though I must admit it was confusing at times. This was my fault, as the library loaned some out to me in the wrong order, which led to obvious cluelessness.

Like any good series, the story takes twists and turns along the way. Things are not as they seem nor are they same from the first book to the last. If they were, that would mean there was no character development or evolution.

Memorable supporting characters also helped the series stay afloat…pun intended. They also helped make the readers lust for more… did it again. Seriously, Lorcan, Bart, Jez, Molucco, just some examples.


An adaptation of Michael Grant’s Gone series of books – dark, dystopian thrillers reminiscent of LOST and Lord of the Flies – has been ruminating for some time.

The original book, titled Gone, was released over a decade ago, in 2008. That begs the question – when would this adaptation take place?

Of course, once the FAYZ wall comes into play, it won’t particularly matter too much. The kids will be in exactly the same position as in the novels, presumably set in 2008. I am interested in those brief snippets before – the build-up, if you will.

Naturally, the world has evolved significantly over the past 11 years. If you were to make an adaptation set in both 2008 and present day, the opening sequences would be entirely different.

Remember also that the Internet worked for sometime in the FAYZ. In Hunger, the second book, Astrid uses it to research the ‘zekes’ after the tragedy at the beginning of the novel. If the series is set in present day, then they would have access to social media for a little while, which would only complicate the story.

Overall, I think sticking to the time frame of the books is probably for the best. 14-year-olds of 2008 and present day teenagers are very different kinds of people, despite ’08 being relatively recent.

The world is much more image obsessed thanks to sharing pictures online, which the characters were not burdened with in the books.


Cirque du Freak/The Saga of Darren Shan was already incredibly vague. It is never confirmed where the series takes place (or at least starts off, to give a hint to Darren’s nationality) and in the very first chapter, the narrator (aka Darren) revealed he changed his and his family’s names in order to protect them.

Now, take into account that as well as this, there is another piece of information that we do not know – when the series actually took place. When you think about it, we are oblivious to the where, when and to some extent, who.

We do have one lead, however. Back in July, an incredibly insightful and observant member of the Shandom (hint, hint) posted this Tweet.

Now, although it is common knowledge that Darren the author and fictional Darren are two different people with contrasting backstories, let’s assume that real Darren used his own details when deciding what year the story would take place.

My calculations would be thus: Assuming from the writing in the first books that fictional Darren is relatively young, possibly only just a teenager, this would place the year at roughly 1985. It is clear from the writing that although Darren is not a primary school aged child, he is most definitely under 18.

Unfortunately, the only problem with this theory is that it clashes with one of the few pop culture references made in the whole series, which is shown in the Tweet below. For further context, this is Darren’s reply to the first Tweet.

The Simpsons premiered in 1989, meaning that the story has to take place in the 90s or after. This would work under my initial assumption when reading – the books are obviously set when they written, the mid 2000s.

This correlates with the Simpsons reference, our only real clue, which does not refer to the show as being new or obscure.

Darren the author was vague enough that this story could plausibly take place anywhere from the early 1990s to the early-mid 2000s. Of course, if the technology of the time was mentioned in more detail, that would be more of a clue but alas, it is not available to us. Also, as we do not have a confirmed birthdate for fictional Darren, this makes it harder to pinpoint based on year.

Those are my thoughts. Hopefully it was an enjoyable read.

When do you think the series was set?


Written by: Anthony Horowitz

Published: 2017

Characters: Daniel Hawthorne, Anthony Horowitz, Diana Cowper and many others

The Word is Murder is yet another brilliant Anthony Horowitz foray into the murder mystery genre.

Following on from “Magpie Murders” which was two mysteries in one, this is also an unusual novel in that sense that Horowitz himself, or a slightly fictionalised version of him, appears as sidekick of Daniel Hawthorne, the main character.

It is a unique literary device and made the novel an even more interesting read, separating it from the repetitive nature that these books tend to have. The innovative twist in the structure made The Word is Murder an engrossing and compelling read that I did not want to put down.

One of Horowitz’s great strengths as a writer is his ability to create well-drawn characters. Look to any of his work – Alex Rider, Magpie Murders, Power of Five – for countless examples of this. After reading this book, Hawthorne is one of my favourite Horowitz characters. Not because he has a lot of likeability, he does not, his flaws make him interesting to read (and probably also write) about.

Unlike most novels in this genre, the lines between fiction and reality are blurred. Some of the people in the story, by virtue of being associated with Horowitz, are real while others are inventions from Horowitz’s own mind. Steven Spielberg and Peter Jackson are an example of real-life ‘cameos’.

Like any good mystery novel, subtle clues are left along the way as to the identity of the killer, which are glaringly obvious when looking back after it has been revealed ‘whodunnit’.

In this case, I registered some details as being unusual but did not join the dots together, which meant I was surprised by the outcome.

Anyone looking for a good read and full-on suspense, take a look at the Word is Murder.

Why the ‘gone’ characters were not stereotypes

Michael Grant’s six-part Gone series began in 2008 and concluded in 2013, spanning the original story of the FAYZ and Perdido Beach. The majority of the characters featured in these novels were children and youn adults — people under the age of 18.

However, they are unlike any other youths you may have come across in literature. Even Elementary school-aged kids were handling alcohol, guns and knives for protection. That is just the surface observation.

When looking at the characters as people, what makes them tick, they are just that. People. Not a bunch of characters on a page who all sound the same, but distinctly separate individuals with their own personalities and goals.

To dig even further, some of the characters even defy social norms. All of the main female characters – Astrid, Diana, Lana, Dekka, Brianna and even Taylor, all of them are as ready and willing to contribute in dangerous situations as their male counterparts. Even in 2019, the 21st century, people still have inferior views that women are inferior to men. Coming from a man, I can say that GONE helps to show this is not the case.

All the way back in the first book and sometimes throughout the rest of the series, Edilio Escobar is ridiculed by others for his status as an implied legal immigrant, a “wetback”. This is mostly from Quinn Gaither in GONE, the first novel, due his jealousy of Edilio’s growing friendship with Quinn’s best friend, Sam.

Perhaps not so coincidentally, Edllio is the one who remains loyal to Sam consistently while Quinn has a brief time where he defects to Caine, the opposition.

Even the two central figures, Sam and Caine, avoid tropes of their respective roles in YA literature as the ‘hero’ and ‘villain’. Both are flawed young men doing what they believe to be right. Although Caine has definitely been cruel on some occasions, he is not as far gone as Drake Merwin.

All the characters are extremely well-written and I could keep going on and on. Another time, perhaps.

Hope you enjoyed this post and see you on the next one.

How to make a better adaptation of cirque du freak

As any member of “Shanville” — Darren Shan’s fanbase — would know, a feature film version of Cirque du Freak was released in 2009. It starred some pretty big names such as John C. Reilly, Willem Dafoe and Salma Hayek. Unfortunately, it was quite disappointing. Some of the roles were horribly miscast and the screenplay was nowhere near the quality of the books we all know and love.

1 – The location

In the film, the story took place in the USA. While the location of where Darren was initially from was never specified in the books, USA did not feel right to me. If am not mistaken, ‘pounds’ were referenced as currency in the novels.

Darren’s love of football (yes, football, not soccer) becomes suddenly less relevant. Considering a scene in the books had him playing the sport right after he got blooded, it seems a shame to lose this aspect of the character.


Chris Massoglia as Darren; Josh Hutcherson as Steve

Like I said before, some of the characters were miscast, in my opinion.

The actor who played Darren, Chris Massoglia, was not very experienced and ultimately not strong enough to lead a major feature film. His performance was not memorable and as Variety put it, Darren had the “bland, gumdrop charm of your average Nickelodeon character.”

Conversely, Josh Hutcherson, who played Steve, had been in a string of hits before doing this film. Zathura, Bridge to Terebithia and Firehouse Dog were among his many credits. By and large, most of his characters had been quite likeable, so seeing him as Steve, who is the villain by the end of this film, was a bit jarring and not very believable.

I understand wanting some diversity on your CV, but I feel Hutcherson tried too hard in this performance and it came off as forced.

John C. Reilly as Larten Crepsley

John C. Reilly, on the other hand, made a great Mr. Crepsley, so thumbs up there. I remember hearing at the time that he had read all the books in preparation for the film, became a fan of the character and was disappointed at how unfaithfully the book was adapted.

Some of the details surrounding the characters also did not make much sense to me. For example, Darren and Steve are 16 in the film. That to me feels a little too old considering the experiences in the book – the fact they were younger (I believe around 12 or so) and sneaking out to this mysterious freak show added to the drama. Doing it two years away from adulthood takes away that feeling.


Image result for steve and murlough cirque du freak

Since this is Hollywood, multiple details from the books were changed around and/or became plot points earlier. This includes Harkat being named and vicious, a new love interest named Rebecca, Steve becoming a half-vampeneze years earlier than originally and Murlough, not only arriving earlier but also becoming a Little Person.

While this was probably done as insurance in case there was no second film (which there wasn’t), it is very annoying for fans of the books to see the stories transformed so horribly.


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If I were the person in charge of adapting these novels, here’s what I would do.

1 – Cast younger actors

I would have Darren and Steve be around 12-13, closer to their age in the novels. Ideally, this pair would also have some decent acting experience under their belts and be mature enough for the roles.

At the very least, slightly older actors who could play that age.


Author Darren O’Shaughnessy (Shan) is an English-born Irishman and I firmly believe these stories, at least at the beginning, are set in one of those two countries.

Possibly, the Game of Thrones method could be employed where it is vague about where exactly the action is taking place but have people with English and Irish accents.

3 – TV instead of film

Television as a medium has evolved significantly since 2009, when the film was released. A Netflix miniseries in the style of A Series of Unfortunate Events would be cool to see.


Like I said, John C. Reilly made a fantastic Mr. Crepsley. However, he is now 10 years older and may be uninterested in playing the role again. The point of a show/film is for as many people to watch as possible and this could be a way to do it.